Alexander Bursa, author of the method.
The book about unrealized abilities of the totally blind persons. First 5 chapters.
All techniques and elaborations, described in the book, including six new adaptive sports for the blind, considerably different of the “goalball” and the “torball”, completely belong to their author Alexander B. Bursa, and are copyrighted. The method is absolutely harmless.
In the book author talks about hidden possibilities and undiscovered abilities of the totally blind people on spatial orientation and mobility. He lets the readers to learn if the totally blind persons know where required objects are located, even if they are invisible for sighted people.
Obviously, the speech in the book is about a significant improvement in the life of totally blind people. Also author shows that the way into this new world can be found very easily by a totally blind person. He or she just needs not excluding such a possibility; not denying technologies of the future that can be embodied at this time. Out of this book one gets clear that this future is anywhere here.
It's not a secret to anybody that there are many rehabilitation techniques and methods for persons who are blind. They are taught spatial orientation, housekeeping and self-service, Braille system, computer work, practical floriculture with the basics of vegetable growing, spinning, playing bayan, carving, macrame, adaptive physical culture, massage, binding, knitting, repair shoes. Undoubtedly, all this is very important for the social adaptation of the totally blind persons. However the problem of free spatial orientation and mobility is still resolved incompletely.
Now a totally blind person is fully dependent on the white cane, guides and dog-guides. A big attention is paid to memory aspects. Blind persons well remember locations of familiar objects and places, for example in their flats; well memorize routes, for example to a food store or to a close house. But when they get in a new unfamiliar place, a definition of needed direction on basis of memory is quite impossible.
Chapter 1. New perspective solutions in the rehabilitation of the blind persons.
As it was declared initially, this method is highly effective in terms of rehabilitation mechanisms for the adaptation of totally blind people to social life, since the orientation and mobility abilities developed with its use allow these people to acquire unique skills that were not previously described anywhere, and methods of development of which were absent.
Also the method will provide a considerable improvement of life conditions of the totally blind persons that was directly proved by multiple trainings, conducted with totally blind persons before, which demonstrated 98 per cent effectivity.
In particular, in Summer and Autumn of 2015, I taught two totally blind persons – a woman Kate Merzlikina, and a man Eugeny Meshkov, both were 35 years of age, at basis of Mytischi’s Society of the blind observed by the Society’s president mr. Savosh. Both these persons were chosen occasionally – they were the first to whom I phoned up.
The method is based at a new scientific concept of “Vector of Objects’ Orienteering” (V.O.O.), which is concluded in activation in a totally blind person of the spatial point of balance, giving him or her an ability to easily locate the orienteers on required objects, including people, both visible and invisible (hidden, lost, etc.).
By means of acquiring of skills to activate this spatial point and use of it, in a blind person is developed an ability to scan surrounding space with specific ray, which accurately detects the required objects as “control points”, which are the targets that must be found.
In other words, the given “Control point” is source of positive and needed information, which is not aggressive and does not contain the negative, so that totally blind person may confidently moving in its direction.
However it can appear a question: “What if on the way to this point can appear some dangerous obstacles, such as pits, stones, bricks, low placed billboards, etc.?”. Unlike of the positive target, all these obstacles have negative nature, and radiate negative information. For solving of this problem, the given method provides special training of how to avoid invisible obstacles, including dangers.
During training, it is developed an ability to avoid such obstacles by blind persons. Now we can considering the method of “V.O.O.”, mentioned above, from the point of view of the “SONAR” concept, as method of spatial orientation of the bats. They orient with ultrasound, but not the vision. By approaching to an objects that can be dangerous for them, they mechanically change their pathway. Also the dolphins have such qualities. Being taught and acquiring the quality of ultrasound location, since I talk about it, totally blind person will be able confidently moving in space.
Let’s see what tasks are resolved first during this training process. From what this process is started? The task of teacher/instructor is to give the totally blind person to feel his information signals, which he transfers at a short distance intuitively. For example, to turn left or right, to go one or another side, to find an object. Etc.
Further, when blind person acquired a skill of such motions in space, i.e. he had developed first, yet insignificant, abilities of spatial sensation, the task can get more complicated.
All this must be done in order to get spatial thinking of the totally blind person much wider. Also it is developed his ability of effective scanning of the surrounding environment.
For example, around the hall it can be placed 50 books. The task is already more complicated: the blind person has to find required books on to their titles, authors, sizes or colors.
With all the apparent improbability of an admissible solution to problems of this complexity class, a visually disabled person even partly trained is able to solve them with effectiveness of 75-98 per cent. There are many video documented proofs and written protocols of the exercises.
One more exercise of such class complexity is concluded in spreading around hall of colored cards, which are required to be found by their colors, that is usually well done by totally blind students.
Next, these cards can be numbered and then the task is their search concerning the numbers.
To next level complexity class is added an element of suspense. Instructor creates a “control point”, an object without qualitative descriptions. Its color, size, form, name are unknown. The task is to locate this object. To be compared with previous types of tasks, this one is much more complicated. However, my students at this level resolve these tasks even more successfully.
Next exercises were done outdoors. At a parking there were many cars. Blind persons were required locating them concerning their colors, models and registration numbers. Both students have been demonstrating successful effectiveness at 95-98 per cent. In particular cases they were locating all cars concerning to the search task at all close territory, including invisible ones (those out of my vision), that was increasing the quality of search up to 200 per cent. For example, I was setting a task to locate a car “red lada”, which was only one I could see. But totally blind woman found all cars at close territory, including those invisible to me.
One more class of tasks was searching for different inscriptions at walls and fences. Out of video-documentation is clearly seen how effectively my totally blind students have been solving these tasks – 95-98 per cent. In particular, one task was resolved by Eugeny Meshkov approximately at 200 per cent. We were walking past a transformer box with two iron doors, on one of which was written “PY-04”, but second door was painted with white bands. I set a task to find this inscription before him. He got Vector of Objects’ Orienteering (VOO) right away and moved to the door painted with white bands. When we came closer I saw that on this door is also written “PY-04”, but it was invisible for me distantly from behind white bands.
Then we moved towards the office. On the right there were houses and fences, on the left park zone with trees. Among the trees at distance of 7-8 meters I saw lonely chair and set for Eugeny a new task to locate it. He got correct Vector right away, went towards the chair, and found it.
One more class of tasks was devoted to ability to go obstacles and dangers round. Such obstacles can be, in particular, pits on the road, which are very hard to be detected with white canes. Here is used technique of the bat, which is also suggested as adaptive sports to the realization.
How it works?
At a ground are placed artificial obstacles. The task of blind students is to maneuver among them, not touching one.
Out of video documentation it is well seen that Ekaterina Merzlikina developed this skill at 90-95 per cent.
One more class of tasks, I would like to draw your attention, is an ability of the totally blind persons without outer prompts and commands to identify soundless ball and location of football goal on their own.
Presently existing sports for the blind “Goalball”, “Torball” and “Blind football” have no similarities on quality and efficiency of working out adaptive abilities in comparison with this new technique. As it was mentioned earlier, the ball doesn’t sound (it has no rattles inside). Blind players orient on it not by sounds, but using new sense organ that is very important for the blind persons.
Responsibility of instructor in this interaction is very high. He has providing full security of visually disabled persons he works with.
Chapter 2. New sense organ.
If trying to think how a totally blind person is able to feel the invisible, one can remind six known sense organs – the vision, the hearing, the feel, the smelling, the sense of taste and the sense of balance.
But totally blind persons have no first of these organs – the vision. It is required a compensation. And their organism creates such compensation on energy conservation principle. This compensating function is expressed exactly in sense of balance that is much more developed in the blind people.
Logic tells us that if the sense of balance in a totally blind person is developed better, but using it with usual means he is unable, these means must be changed. In other words, he needs to find a new point of balance, getting into which, he starts to feel the world completely differently, and without any difficulty to perceive its nuances at a subtle level.
Chapter 3. VOO. Vector of Objects’ Orienteering.
After acquiring the ability to reach a new spatial point, a total organ of perception of the surrounding space also develops in the totally blind person. It appears an ability of scanning the space with Vector of Object’s Orienteering. This is a kind of beam emitted by a blind person at a new spatial point, which quickly (up to a fraction of a second) probes space according to specified parameters.
So, if it is set a task to find one object out of seven identical, differing just by one qualitative characteristic, for example color or number, concretely it will be found.
Other qualitative characteristics, capable differing needed searching objects from others, can be:
1. Proper door from a number of other identical.
2. Needed food shop from a number of closest others?
3. The freshest food product, lying on the counter. Etc.
All it is very important for blind people.
Chapter 4. Method “VOO”. Description.
Name: “Vector of Object’s Orienteering”. “VOO”.
Classification: New scientific term and method of search of invisible and indefinite objects in space.
Application of the method: Rehabilitation of visually disabled people.
Author: Alexander Bursa
New concepts used for achievement of the declared goals:
Vector of Object’s Orienteering
Point of spatial balance
Elaboration refers to methods of finding out of required objects, and
also to rehabilitation techniques.
Elaboration is specially appointed to facilitate and improve the lives of totally blind people.
METHOD provides the development in blind people of a unique ability to feel the world around us and some processes occurring in it. A sense of confidence in actions and movements is acquired.
ESSENCE OF THE METHOD: Reducing the time to make only one right search solution. When solving a search problem, a trained blind person pulls an information vector from himself to the search object (with or without descriptive characteristics), and thus determines the direction of movement. There are often cases when it takes a split second to make such decision, or only right decision can be made instantly.
GEOMETRY OF THE METHOD: To improve the accuracy of determining the location of objects, a coordinate system is observed, when the turn of the shoulders is attached to the abscissa value "X" and the ordinate axis proceeds exactly from the center of the abscissa axis and it is attached to the value "Y".
The angle between the axes "X" and "Y" is 90 degrees. Based on this, when receiving information in the form of an “vector of object orientation” at an angle of less than 90 degrees, to accurately determine the axis of ordinates, or a specific direction of movement, a rotation of the body located along the turn of the shoulders along the abscissa axis perpendicular to the obtained “vector” is provided. With a certain and sufficient time, this task is also solved by the visually impaired trainees very quickly (up to a fraction of a second). And, accordingly, if the "vector" comes strictly along the line of the x-axis, then the rotation should be exactly 90 degrees.
The elaboration allows considerably improving abilities of the totally blind persons to the orientation and mobility in space, and also to the search and the finding out of required objects and routes even in new environments.
Chapter 5. The control point.
Control point is a new scientific term, symbolized in this education system the final point of a required object’s search.
Контрольная точка это термин, символизирующий в данной системе обучения конечный пункт поиска необходимого объекта. Moreover, this object can be both definite, and indefinite, but most of all meeting the specified search parameters.
Here we recall the fabulous formulation of the question: “Go there, I don’t know where, find something, I don’t know what,” but, as it is meant, exactly what you need. This is exactly the way how tasks of such class of complexity are solved by the totally blind persons.
In a hall or outdoors such control points are created. It can be a plastic bottle with water, standing alone on the table, or a number written in large letters on a cabinet. Each of them is fixed by photo-video equipment, and they are given the parameter of control points which need to be found. During the creation of these "points", the expert is located outside the room where they are created. After that, he enters the hall, then he is given the task of finding this “control point”, and in most cases right away, without thinking, he chooses the only true Vector of Object Orientation (VOO) and finds it successfully.
It is not difficult to understand that the development of such abilities in people who are completely deprived of sight ensures the development in them of a unique quality to feel the world around us and some processes taking place in it. A sense of confidence in actions and movements is acquired. And this, in turn, allows to significantly improve the ability of blind people to orientation and mobility in space, as well as to the search and detection of necessary objects and routes.